WOOLWORTH SIT-IN  [CONTINUED]

 

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The second photo is an interesting variation -- indicating the significant presence of  adults in the mob.

The third photo is the immediate sit-in aftermath.   Standing is Rev. Ed King, Tougaloo's chaplain.  A white Mississippian himself, he had mingled with the mob, observing and providing periodic reports from an outside phone.  Seated on the other side of Anne Moody is James Beard, a college student, who joined us in the final period of the affair.  Beyond him, at the end of the counter, is Dr. A.D. Beittel, Tougaloo president who came in at the very end of the sit-in.   He is talking to Ken Toler, top reporter for the Memphis Commercial Appeal   -- who, covering our subsequent mass meeting that night, personally complimented me and the other sit-ins for our courage and tenacity. Significantly, he did this in full view of Mississippi lawmen and Mississippi newsmen.

The response by Jackson's Black community to the sit-in and its violence was tremendously positive.  The mass meeting that night was the biggest yet -- despite the hordes of hostile city and state police and sheriffs' forces surrounding the church: close to a thousand people attended.  Our initial picket demonstration on Capitol Street on December 12, 1962, had launched the Jackson Boycott Movement -- and our Woolworth Sit-In now transposed the Boycott Movement into the massive Jackson Movement.

For a good feel for some of the civil liberties challenges faced by an effective organizer, see this cluster of four related pages:   http://hunterbear.org/a_bizarre__1979_fbi_smear_effort.htm

There are several mentions of this dramatic episode in our Website -- and a primary link to more detail and a discussion of my book, Jackson Mississippi: An American Chronicle of Struggle and Schism, Krieger, 1987 [click here].

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